Rural world in Costa Rica

Costa Rica experienced a strong rural exodus during the twentieth century and the population living in the countryside decrease from 66% in 1960 to 22% in 2016. However, the agricultural activity is still very important and represents the second largest economic sector of the country after tourism. The types of agriculture, very differentiated according to the areas, have shaped the enchanting landscapes of this small country. What better way to know the heart of a country than to get to know its countryside?

Some aspects of Costa Rican agriculture

Beyond tourism, Costa Rica is a deeply agricultural country. The cooler climate of the Central Valley makes it a privileged place for market gardening and flower production but also for coffee. On the Caribbean and South Pacific coasts, bananas, cocoa, sugar cane, pineapple, and oil palms are exploited on very large farms mainly for export. In Guanacaste you will find large paddy fields and sabaneros, true Costa Rican cowboys, who, equipped with their hats, boots, machetes, and lassos, practice extensive breeding of cows and zebus.

Coffee

It should be noted, that coffee production in Costa Rica is 100% Arabica and this by government obligation! Indeed the country has bet on quality, paying strategy since Costa Rica coffee is considered today as one of the best in the world (including its famous Tárrazu). The climate of the Central Valley in addition to the richness of its volcanic soils, make it an area particularly conducive to growing coffee. Indeed, it’s here that we find the highest yields in the world with a production approaching 900kg per hectare! After long being the country's first economic resource, coffee now ranks 4th after tourism, bananas and pineapples!